International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research

LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 295-

Gender and prevalence of dengue fever


Beuy Joob1, Viroj Wiwanitkit2,  
1 Medical Center, Sanitation 1 Medical Center, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Private Academic Practice, Department of Community Medicine, Dr. DY Patil University, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Viroj Wiwanitkit
Department of Community Medicine, Dr. DY Patil University, Pune, Maharashtra
India




How to cite this article:
Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. Gender and prevalence of dengue fever.Int J App Basic Med Res 2020;10:295-295


How to cite this URL:
Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. Gender and prevalence of dengue fever. Int J App Basic Med Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jan 16 ];10:295-295
Available from: https://www.ijabmr.org/text.asp?2020/10/4/295/297263


Full Text



Dear Editor,

We read the publication on “Prevalence of dengue fever in Western Uttar Pradesh, India: A gender-based study” with a great interest.[1] Kumar et al. noted that “Every case of dengue must be screened for NS1Ag and IgMAb to increase the diagnostic precision, despite the males being more affected as compared to females due to sociocultural differences.[1]” We would like to share ideas on this report. First, despite the use of both antibody and antigen test, there is still a chance of false result and there is still a possibility of concurrent infection (such as Chikungunya infection).[2] In addition, the use of immune-screening test for dengue should be carefully considered for cost-effectiveness. Although there is a previous study from India showing that the immunological screening for dengue was superior than molecular-based screening,[3] there is still no comparative cost-effectiveness analysis for immunological screening versus classical clinical diagnosis. In endemic area, the diagnosis of dengue is generally based on the clinical diagnosis.[2] Regarding sexual difference, the exact relationship between sociocultural background and gender-specific dengue infection rate should be further assessed. In fact, in endemic developing country,[4] additional factors that are related to preventive behavior against dengue also include educational background and age.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Kumar M, Verma RK, Mishra B. Prevalence of dengue fever in Western Uttar Pradesh, India: A Gender-Based Study. Int J Appl Basic Med Res 2020;10:8-11.
2Wiwanitkit V. Dengue fever: Diagnosis and treatment. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 2010;8:841-5.
3Anand AM, Sistla S, Dhodapkar R, Hamide A, Biswal N, Srinivasan B. Evaluation of NS1 antigen detection for early diagnosis of dengue in a tertiary hospital in Southern India. J Clin Diagn Res 2016;10:DC01-4.
4Van Benthem BH, Khantikul N, Panart K, Kessels PJ, Somboon P, Oskam L. Knowledge and use of prevention measures related to dengue in northern Thailand. Trop Med Int Health 2002;7:993-1000.