International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7--11

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in north-west Punjab population: A cross-sectional study


Rachna Bachhel1, Navyug Raj Singh2, Jagtesh Singh Sidhu3 
1 Department of Physiology, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India
3 Department of Medicine, Smt Parvati Devi Hospital, Amritsar, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Navyug Raj Singh
Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab
India

Background: Many studies show a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency across various populations the world over. There is relative lack of prevalence data in Punjab, India. This cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the north-west Punjab population. Aim: To study the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the north-west Punjab population across various population characteristics such as gender, education, locality, occupation, and dietary habits. Materials and Methods: Healthy volunteers (N = 150) of either sex were enrolled and their fasting plasma samples tested for 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH) D] levels. Data were compiled as percentages and means across different population characteristics. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test and Fisher«SQ»s exact test. Results: A high overall prevalence (90%) of vitamin D deficiency was observed in the study subjects. There was a significant difference in the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency between rural and urban subjects (P < 0.05) and among the subjects pursuing different occupations (P < 0.001). A significant gender-specific difference was also recorded at the cut-off level of 25 (OH) D, with women showing higher prevalence of deficiency compared to men (P < 0.05). Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the population of Punjab. Lower prevalence is displayed by those subjects who have greater opportunities for sunlight exposure, such as like rural individuals, farmers, and housewives.


How to cite this article:
Bachhel R, Singh NR, Sidhu JS. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in north-west Punjab population: A cross-sectional study.Int J App Basic Med Res 2015;5:7-11


How to cite this URL:
Bachhel R, Singh NR, Sidhu JS. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in north-west Punjab population: A cross-sectional study. Int J App Basic Med Res [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Sep 28 ];5:7-11
Available from: https://www.ijabmr.org/article.asp?issn=2229-516X;year=2015;volume=5;issue=1;spage=7;epage=11;aulast=Bachhel;type=0