Year : 2014 | Volume
: 4 | Issue : 2 | Page : 72--76
Does short-term exposure to elevated levels of natural gamma radiation in Ramsar cause oxidative stress?
SMJ Mortazavi1, A Niroomand-Rad2, P Roshan-Shomal4, SMT Razavi-Toosi3, M Mossayeb-Zadeh5, M Moghadam4
1 Department of Medical Physics and Medical Engineering; Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation Protection Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Emeritus Professor, Department of Radiation Medicine, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA
3 Department of Physiology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Nuclear Physics, Guilan University of Science, Rasht, Gilan, Iran
Background: Ramsar, a city in northern Iran, has areas with some of the highest recorded levels of natural radiation among inhabited areas measured on the earth. Aims: To determine whether short-term exposure to extremely high levels of natural radiation induce oxidative stress. Materials and Methods: In this study, 53 Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups of 10-12 animals. Animals in the 1 st group were kept for 7 days in an outdoor area with normal background radiation while the 2 nd , 3 rd , 4 th and 5 th groups were kept in four different outdoor areas with naturally elevated levels of gamma radiation in Ramsar. A calibrated RDS-110 survey meter, mounted on a tripod approximately 1 m above the ground, was used to measure exposure rate at each location. On days 7 and 9 blood sampling was performed to assess the serum levels of catalase (CAT) and malondialdehyde (MDA). On day 8, all animals were exposed to a lethal dose of 8 Gy gamma radiations emitted by a Theratron Phoenix (Theratronics, Canada) Cobalt-60 (55 cGy/min) at Radiotherapy Department of Razi Hospital in Rasht, Iran. Results: Findings obtained in this study indicate that high levels of natural radiation cannot induce oxidative stress. CAT and MDA levels in almost all groups were not significantly different (P = 0.69 and P = 0.05, respectively). After exposure to the lethal dose, CAT and MDA levels in all groups were not significantly different (P = 0.054 and P = 0.163, respectively). Conclusions: These findings indicate that short-term exposure to extremely high levels of natural radiation (up to 196 times higher than the normal background) does not induce oxidative stress.
Prof. SMJ Mortazavi
Department of Medical Physics and Medical Engineering, School of Medicine, Zand, Shiraz
|How to cite this article:|
Mortazavi S, Niroomand-Rad A, Roshan-Shomal P, Razavi-Toosi S, Mossayeb-Zadeh M, Moghadam M. Does short-term exposure to elevated levels of natural gamma radiation in Ramsar cause oxidative stress?.Int J App Basic Med Res 2014;4:72-76
|How to cite this URL:|
Mortazavi S, Niroomand-Rad A, Roshan-Shomal P, Razavi-Toosi S, Mossayeb-Zadeh M, Moghadam M. Does short-term exposure to elevated levels of natural gamma radiation in Ramsar cause oxidative stress?. Int J App Basic Med Res [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Sep 16 ];4:72-76
Available from: https://www.ijabmr.org/article.asp?issn=2229-516X;year=2014;volume=4;issue=2;spage=72;epage=76;aulast=Mortazavi;type=0