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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 160-165

Intradermal Immunization with Heat-Killed Klebsiella pneumoniae Leading to the Production of Protective Immunoglobulin G in BALB/c Mice

Department of Microbiology, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
Zannat Kawser
Department of Microbiology, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka-1000
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_63_20

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Introduction: Klebsiella pneumoniae superbug is emerging as a serious health concern as resistance to last-resort antibiotics spreads. To bypass the therapeutic molecules used today, the development of an immunoprophylactic safe approach is of great clinical relevance. This study was conducted to determine the protective efficacy of antibodies elicited by killed vaccine against multidrug-resistant (MDR) K. pneumoniae. Materials and Methods: In this study, heat-killed MDR K. pneumoniae isolated from different clinical samples were employed for the intradermal immunization of 10 BALB/c mice. Two weeks after the third dose of immunization, the mice were intraperitoneally challenged with live K. pneumoniae and observed for 14 days. Tail blood was collected 7 days after each booster followed by cardiac puncture 14 days postchallenge. Bactericidal activity and antigen-binding capacity of the serum antibody produced by the vaccine were evaluated by serum bactericidal antibody (SBA) assay and ELISA, respectively. Results: In this study, 80% survival rates were observed at 14 days postchallenge among the immunized mice. Regarding SBA assay, 100% bactericidal activity of the immunized mouse sera was observed using 50% guinea pig complement at 1:10 serum dilution after 3 h of incubation, and all the pre- and postchallenge immunized serum immunoglobulin G antibody had significantly higher optical density values comparing the control mice in ELISA. Conclusion: In our study, intradermal immunization with heat-killed MDR K. pneumoniae produced protective antibodies in BALB/c mice. These findings suggest that the use of a first-generation vaccine provides the supply of a larger number of candidate antigens for eliciting required immune response.

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