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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 256-259

Ultrasonographic assessment of diaphragmatic excursion and its correlation with spirometry in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients

1 Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, SNSAH, Jamia Hamdard, India
2 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Abhinav Jain
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_192_20

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Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common disease. Spirometry is a standard method of assessment of severity of COPD. We evaluate utility of diaphragmatic excursion using ultrasonography in COPD patients and compare this technique with spirometry. Methods: Twenty-six COPD patients and 18 self-reported healthy controls were included in this study. After taking the sociodemographic data, measurement of diaphragm excursion was done using M-mode and B-mode ultrasound. Lung function was assessed by spirometry. Results: In the COPD group, diaphragmatic excursion was found to be reduced, and it correlates with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)/forced vital capacity, whereas it did not correlate with FEV1. Conclusion: Ultrasound assessment of diaphragmatic excursion is an easy, noninvasive, and readily available diagnostic tool and correlates with spirometry in estimation of severity of COPD.

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