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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 215-217

The stromal dictators in a concomitant case of oral submucous fibrosis - Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Goa Dental College and Hospital, Bambolim, Goa, India

Correspondence Address:
Anupama Mukherjee
F-1 Oasis, Nagali Hills Colony, Dona Paula, Panaji - 403 004, Goa
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_222_19

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Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a potentially malignant disorder, characterized by alteration in the connective tissue stroma. Its association with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has been recognized and conferred a special status as a distinct disease entity with improved prognosis as compared to conventional squamous cell carcinoma. Such cases of concomitant presentation of OSMF and OSCC have not yet been defined, leading to ambiguity regarding the evaluation. The concomitant occurrence of OSMF-OSCC is associated with histopathological features, unlike OSMF, yet similar to an aggressive presentation of OSCC. An indepth evaluation of the connective tissue, along with other tumor characteristics such as tissue hypoxia, inflammatory cell population, neoangiogenesis, and stromal cells fortify the possibility of these cases of concomitance being as aggressive, if not more, as compared to conventional OSCC. Thus, recognizing such cases along with the evaluation of probable prognostic indicators is necessary to improve the current understanding of tumorigenesis and progression in concomitant cases of OSMF-OSCC.

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