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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 169-173

Oral health-related quality of life among patients after complete denture rehabilitation: A 12-month follow-up study

1 Department of Prosthodontics, Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, Manav Rachna Dental College and Hospital, Faridabad, Haryana, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manav Rachna Dental College and Hospital, Faridabad, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Meena Jain
205, Bharti Apartments, Sector 21C, Faridabad, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_171_18

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Introduction: Complete edentulism is an eventual oral health outcome and results from the combined pathology of dental caries, periodontal disease, or faulty method of rehabilitation due to reduced cost. Complete edentulism has a significant concern and leads to reduced quality of life (QoL) along with impact on general health. However, it has been observed that due to wider and better oral health services globally, edentulism rate is decreasing every decade. Edentulism is directly related to masticatory and nutritional problems, and some authors regard it as a good mortality indicator. Methodology: The sample population consisted of 100 individuals comprising 63 males and 37 females who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) was administered by a single investigator at baseline (preinsertion) and also 6 and 12 months postdenture insertion. Sociodemographic data, including age and gender, were also collected. Results: It was observed that the overall oral health-related QoL (OHRQoL) scores of the sample improved significantly at 6 and 12 months postinsertion (P < 0.001) when compared to baseline scores. When GOHAI scores were compared individually for males and females (pre- and post-insertion), it was observed that there was statistically significant improvement in OHRQoL (male – pre = 25.02 ± 1.34 and post-12 months = 8.84 ± 1.26, P < 0.001, female – pre = 25.19 ± 0.88 and post-12 months = 9.05 ± 1.20, P < 0.001) postinsertion of denture in both the groups. Conclusion: OHRQoL in patients improved after complete denture rehabilitation. There was an upward shift in score for each item in GOHAI from preinsertion to 6 and 12 months postinsertion of dentures, reflecting improvement in OHRQoL of the sample.

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