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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-13

A clinical, radiological, and histopathological correlation of neck nodes in patients undergoing neck dissection

1 Department of ENT and Head and Neck Surgery, SRMS IMS, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Radiology, SRMS IMS, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Pathology, SRMS IMS, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rohit Sharma
Department of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, SRMS IMS, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_391_16

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Objectives: Management of neck metastases in terms of diagnosis and treatment has always been a controversial issue in patients of head and neck malignancy. The main area of debate in case of diagnosis lies with the fact that whether we should rely on ultrasound, as a diagnostic modality for diagnosing micrometastases in the neck in head and neck malignancy patients? The second controversial issue is the management of N0 neck, whether to be radical or conservative? Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 70 diagnosed patients of head and neck carcinoma who were planned for resection of the primary. An appropriate neck dissection was performed in all the patients, and their clinical, ultrasonography, and postoperative histopathological neck findings were correlated. Results: In our center, the most common site of the primary tumor was oral cavity with most involving buccal mucosa. As expected, T4 lesions were commonly associated with nodal metastasis (71%). The sensitivity of clinical examination and ultrasound was 80% and 93.3%, respectively, and specificity of clinical examination and ultrasound was 57% and 27.2%, respectively. Histopathologically positive but clinically nonpalpable metastases in the study group were more frequent in levels Ib, II, and III, respectively. Conclusion: We concluded that ultrasonography being a low cost and a highly sensitive investigation can act in tandem with clinical examination for diagnosing the neck for metastases preoperatively in head and neck malignancy patients. However, due to its low specificity, we cannot completely rely on it, hence doing a neck dissection in selective form, will definitely improve the clinical course of the disease in N0 necks.

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