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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 100-103

Profile of lymphadenopathy: An institutional based cytomorphological study

1 Department of Pathology, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 Department of Pathology and Lab Medicine, Metro Hospital and Heart Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Aneeta Singh Malhotra
Department of Pathology, Acharya Shri Chander College of Medical Sciences, Sidhra, Jammu - 180 017, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-516X.205812

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Introduction: Lymphadenopathy is one of the most common clinical presentations of patients attending the outdoor department of a hospital. Lymph node aspiration is of great value for the diagnosis of lymphadenitis, lymphomas, and metastatic carcinoma. Materials and Methods: In this study, we have reported the pattern of cytological diagnosis on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of lymphadenopathy cases in Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India. The mean age of all the patients in this study was 21.67 years. The most common site of lymphadenopathy was cervical region (71.79%) followed by axillary region (11.11%). Results: Tubercular lymphadenitis (44.02%) was the single most common cause of lymphadenopathy followed by reactive lymphadenitis (42.64%), metastatic lesions (9.40%), and malignant lymphoma (4.70%). The sensitivity of 94.49%, positive predictive value of 96.26%, and diagnostic accuracy of 91.15% was achieved in our study. Conclusion: This study highlights the role of FNAC as a simple, inexpensive, relatively painless, rapid, repeatable, and reliable method of investigation for lymphadenopathy, especially in outpatient departments, peripheral hospitals, and dispensaries.

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