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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 134-136

Uterine lipoleiomyoma: A case report of a rare entity

1 Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pathology, Srinivas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mukka, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Bhavna Nayal
Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Mangalore, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-516X.179029

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Lipomatous tumors of the uterus are rare neoplasms which can be divided into three broad groups – pure, mixed, and the exceedingly rare malignant liposarcoma. Lipoleiomyoma is a rare benign variant of leiomyoma with an incidence ranging between 0.03% and 0.2%. These tumors are usually seen in obese postmenopausal women and are usually asymptomatic but may also present with typical leiomyoma symptoms. The most common site of occurrence is the uterine corpus. Imaging plays an important role with magnetic resonance imaging being the modality of choice as it delineates the fat component better. The pathogenesis of this lesion is poorly understood. Histology shows a characteristic pattern with an encapsulated lesion with an admixture of smooth muscle cells, lobules of adipocytes and fibrous tissue. Prognosis is excellent. We report a case of lipoleiomyoma in an elderly, obese postmenopausal woman, who presented with abdominal discomfort and discuss the important differential diagnosis.

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