Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  Users Online: 85 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size  
EDUCATIONAL FORUM
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 2-6

Relationship between periodontal diseases and preterm birth: Recent epidemiological and biological data


1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2 Department of General Surgery, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Navdeep Saini
Department of General Surgery, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-516X.149217

Rights and Permissions

Preterm infants are born prior to completion of 37 weeks of gestation. These patients are seen on the rise despite the efforts put in to control them. Global incidence of preterm birth is around 9.6% of all birth representing 12.9 million births with regional disparities: From 12% to 13% in USA, from 5% to 9% in Europe, and 18% in Africa. First reported by Offenbacher et al. in 1996 relationship exist between maternal periodontal disease and delivery of a preterm infant. This article reviews the recent epidemiological and biological data. The articles were searched on Google, PubMed recent articles were selected. Mainly, three hypotheses by which periodontal bacteria can affect the outcome of pregnancy. Biological hypothesis: (a) Bacterial spreading, (b) Inflammatory products dissemination, (c) Role of fetomaternal immune response against oral pathogens. The promotion of the early detection and treatments of periodontal disease in young women before and during pregnancy will be beneficial especially for women at risk.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed3561    
    Printed93    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded663    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 11    

Recommend this journal