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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 111-115

Effect of short-term consumption of amul probiotic yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 on salivary streptococcus mutans count in high caries risk individuals


1 Department of Community Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, ITS Dental College, Greater Noida, Muradnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 ITS Centre for Dental Studies and Dental Research, Muradnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Harshal Prakash Bafna
Department of Community Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_447_16

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Aim: This study aims to study the effect of short-term consumption of probiotic yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 on salivary Streptococcus mutans count in high caries risk individuals. Materials and Methods: A double-blind randomized control trial was conducted, and 70 high caries risk individuals with a salivary S. mutans count of more than 106 CFU/ml of saliva were followed for 4 weeks. Participants ingested 100 g yogurt containing L. acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 or yogurt without the two probiotic bacteria once daily at the end of meals for initial 2 weeks. Salivary S. mutans were enumerated in the laboratory by selective culture media. Results: A statistically significant reduction (P < 0.05) of salivary S. mutans was recorded after probiotic yogurt consumption with minimal residual effect, which was in contrast to the controls. Conclusion: L. acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 present in the yogurt were effective in reducing the S. mutans levels in saliva.


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